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外墻保溫砂漿分類及產品特點介紹

时间:2016-01-06     作者:華東公司【原创】   阅读

外墻保溫砂漿是以無機膠凝劑、有機膠凝劑、填料、集料與添加劑等原料按科學配比、精確計量和工業化生產制成的多品種、多用途干混粉體。在施工現場只需加入一定量的水,經均勻混合即可使用。主要特點是:高度節能、綠色環保、施工方便、便于存儲。外墻保溫干粉砂漿在國外發達國家早已開始應用,在歐洲及美國從20世紀70年代初期就已經淘汰傳統砂漿而采用高節能環保型干粉砂漿。30多年來,在歐美發達國家的使用面積已經超過8億平方米。在韓國、日本、新加坡等東南亞國家和地區都有廣泛應用。干粉砂漿在我國內地應用尚處于起步階段,隨著我國建筑技術的發展,對施工效率和質量要求的提高,國家已經認識到干粉砂漿在未來中國市場上的前景和價值,并將它列為重點開發和鼓勵的15個項目之一。干粉砂漿之所以在全世界及中國得到認可,并取代傳統砂漿而廣泛應用,主要原因有兩點:

Exterior insulation dry powder mortar is the inorganic gelling agent, organic gelling agent, filler, ratio of raw materials such as aggregate and additives scientifically, accurate measurement and industrialized production of many varieties, multi-purpose dry mixing powders. In the construction site need to add a certain amount of water, can be used by mixing. The main features are: high energy saving, green environmental protection, construction is convenient, easy to store. Exterior insulation dry mortar is already used in foreign developed countries, in Europe and the United States since the early 1970 s has been eliminated traditional mortar and high energy efficient and environmentally friendly dry mortar. More than 30 years, the use of the developed countries in Europe and the United States has more than 800 million square meters. In South Korea, Japan, Singapore and other southeast Asian countries and regions have a wide range of applications. Dry mortar application in the mainland is still in its infancy, with the development of construction technology in China, the improvement of efficiency and quality of construction, countries have recognized dry mortar in the future the prospects of the Chinese market and value, and put it as one of the key development and encouraging the 15 items. Dry mortar is recognized around the world and China, and widely used instead of traditional mortar, there are two main reasons:

 

(一)質量優良,施工方便,符合現代建筑質量要求。

(a) the quality is good, construction is convenient, conform to the requirements of the quality of modern architecture.

干粉砂漿比傳統預拌(濕)砂漿在各方面的質量性能都有很大提高。傳統砂漿為現場拌制型產品,計量準確性難以控制,導致質量波動。此外傳統砂漿原料性質單一,在凝結硬化過程中,水分蒸發形成較多的孔隙。同時水泥基硬化體與聚苯板的收縮性能差異較大,因而在聚苯板和砂漿粘結的界面不均勻地分布著較高應力,該應力處于熱力學的不穩定狀態,趨向于自發地均勻分布,這種作用以及在外界的作用下,經常出現墻體開裂、滲水、及抹灰層空膨、脫落等現象,無法滿足現代新型建筑材料對砂漿的不同要求。干粉砂漿是通過聚合物的引入改善了界面狀態和膠黏劑本身的柔性。性能優良、功能齊全,可根據不同的使用要求,生產出不同種類的產品。計量準確,有效保證了質量,且干粉砂漿通過集中生產、分散銷售方式,有效解決了工地現場拌制存在的質量不穩定和臟、亂等各種弊端,更加便于文明施工。從這方面看干粉砂漿以其優良的質量、便捷的施工特點,取代傳統砂漿是國家建筑節能要求及建筑質量控制的必然選擇。

Compared with the conventional ready-mixed mortar powder (wet) mortar has greatly improved in all aspects of the quality performance。 Traditional mortar mixing type products at site, the measuring accuracy is hard to control, cause the quality fluctuation。 In addition to traditional mortar properties of single raw materials, in the process of condensation sclerosis, moisture evaporates more pore space。 At the same time, the shrinkage of cement hardening body with polystyrene board performance difference is bigger, therefore in polystyrene and mortar bonding interface is not evenly distributed with high stress, the stress in the thermodynamic state of instability, tend to spontaneously uniform distribution, the effect and under the action of the outside world, often in the wall cracks, water seepage, and floated coat empty, fall off wait for a phenomenon, unable to meet the requirements of modern new building materials for mortar。 Dry mortar is through the introduction of the polymer itself to improve the interface state and adhesives of flexible。 Excellent performance, complete functions, can be used according to different requirements, produce different kinds of products。 Measuring accurately, effectively ensure the quality, and by focusing on the production of dry mortar, dispersed the sales way, effectively solve the quality of the mixing exists on a project site instability and dirty, all sorts of drawbacks, such as more civilized construction。 In terms of the dry powder mortar with its excellent quality, convenient construction characteristics, instead of traditional cement mortar is national building energy-saving requirements and the inevitable choice of construction quality control。

(二)符合國家節約能源政策即建筑節能標準與法規。

(2) comply with the national energy conservation policy is building energy efficiency standards and regulations。

根據我國能源的實際情況在“十五”計劃和2015年規劃中已明確提出“開發和節約并重,并把節約放在優先地位,對國民經濟實行以節約為中心的技術改革和結構改革”的能源工作方針,《公共建筑節能設計標準》的正式實施,標志著我國建筑節能工作在民用建筑領域全面鋪開,是大力發展節能型建筑、強制推行建筑節能的一項重大舉措。《標準》的出臺,表明了國家對建筑節能的重視,對降低能耗的決心。我國建筑節能的標準是,到2010年全國城鎮建筑的總耗能要實現節能50%,到2020年全社會建筑的總能耗達到節能65%。發展外墻保溫技術及合理應用保溫墻體材料,是實現建筑節能的主要方式。其中外墻保溫因其保溫效果好、施工方便、綜合投資低、使用范圍廣、可有效保護建筑主體結構等優點,成為目前大力推廣的一種建筑保溫節能技術,是墻體保溫的主要形式。

According to the actual situation of our country energy in the tenth five-year plan and 2015 planning has clearly put forward "paying equal attention to development and conservation, and give priority to conservation, implements to save for the national economy as the center of technology reform and structure reform" of energy policy, the formal implementation of the "public building energy efficiency design standard", marked the our country building energy efficiency work carried out in the field of civil construction, is to vigorously develop energy-saving building, impose a significant act of building energy efficiency. "Standard", shows that the country's emphasis on building energy efficiency, to reduce energy consumption. Is our country's building energy efficiency standards, by 2010 the urban construction of the total energy consumption to achieve energy saving 50%, to 2020, the whole society building energy-saving 65% of total energy consumption of exterior wall thermal insulation technology development and reasonable application of thermal insulation wall materials, is the main way to realize building energy efficiency. Of exterior wall thermal insulation owing to its good heat preservation effect, convenient construction, low comprehensive investment, wide range of use, which can effectively protect the advantages of the main structure construction, is now promoting a building heat preservation and heat insulation technology, is the main form of the wall heat preservation.

目前我國使用的傳統預拌(濕)砂漿,約有15%~20%的材料損耗,而干粉砂漿為薄層施工,比傳統砂漿節約用料60%左右,既節省材料及存儲費用,又提高建筑使用壽命,還節省后期維修費用。由此看來干粉砂漿作為高節能型產品、建筑節能的最佳系統產品,它的普及應用已是必然之事。

At present, the use of traditional ready-mixed mortar (wet), about 15% ~ 20% of the material loss, dry mortar for thin layer construction, saving materials about 60% than the traditional mortar, save material and storage costs, and improve the service life of the building, also save maintenance costs。 It seems dry mortar as the best system that high energy-saving products, building energy conservation product, it is necessary to popularize and apply。

聚苯板類保溫系統是國內外使用最普遍、保溫效果最好、技術最成熟的外保溫系統。該系統導熱系數小,保溫隔熱效果好,可滿足嚴寒地區節能設計標準要求。該系統使用于各種新建建筑及舊房改造建筑的混凝土和砌塊結構外墻。聚苯板類保溫系統由聚苯板保溫層、粘接層和抹面層三部分構成。聚苯板通過粘接砂漿固定在基層上,表面涂上砂漿形成抹面層,在抹面層中平鋪玻纖網。

Polystyrene insulation system is the most commonly used at home and abroad, the heat preservation effect best, the most mature technology of external thermal insulation system。 This system has small coefficient of thermal conductivity, heat preservation and heat insulation effect is good, can meet the requirements of cold region energy efficiency design standards。 The system used in a variety of new buildings renovation and construction of concrete and brick structure wall。 Polystyrene insulation system by polystyrene board insulation layer, adhesive layer and coating layer three parts。 Polystyrene by bonding mortar on the grassroots, surface coated with mortar plaster layer formation, flat glass fiber mesh in the plastering layer。

(一)聚合物外墻保溫抹面干粉砂漿該產品屬單組分干粉砂漿,是由硅酸鹽水泥、聚合物材料、細集料和特種助劑混合而成。產品有“標準型、加強型、高彈型”三個品種。外觀為灰褐色粉體,對各種基材和聚苯板的粘結性好,可有效地提高保溫隔熱系統的防水透氣性。使用于外保溫系統中聚苯乙稀泡沫(EPS)和聚乙烯泡沫擠塑板(XPS)表面抹面層及外墻基層打底找平。產品性能特點是:

Exterior wall thermal insulation plastering mortar powder polymer (a) the product is a one-component, dry powder mortar is made up of Portland cement, polymer materials, fine aggregate and special additives. Products are "high standard, enhanced, bullet type" three varieties. Appearance is beige powder, has a good bonding effect on a variety of base material and polystyrene, can effectively improve the waterproof and air permeability of heat preservation and heat insulation system. Of EPS external thermal insulation system used in PVC foam (EPS) and extruded polyethylene foam board (XPS) surface coating layer and the outer wall render leveling at the grass-roots level. Product performance features are:

(1)品質優異:抗裂性好,具有優良的彈性和柔韌性,抹面不會出現裂紋、空鼓及脫落,使用壽命長。

(1) excellent quality, good crack resistance, excellent elasticity and suppleness, plaster won't appear crack, empty drum and loss, long service life.

(2)施工方便:袋裝粉體,便于運輸,以水為溶劑,現場加水攪拌即可使用。和易性好,耐水、保水、不流掛。

(2) the construction is convenient, powder bags, easy to transport, with water as solvent, water mixing can be used on site. Good workability, resistance to water, water, and not sag.

(3)經濟節能:薄層施工、用料少、損耗低、提高了建筑使用壽命,比傳統砂漿節能60%左右,也提高了工作效率。

(3) economic and energy saving: thin layer construction, little material, low dissipation, increases the service life of buildings, energy saving about 60% than the traditional mortar, also improve the working efficiency.

(4)質量穩定:干粉砂漿是通過集中生產、分散銷售的方式,解決了傳統砂漿現場拌制的各種弊端,質量十分穩定,確保質量能始終如一。

(4) stable quality: dry mortar is scattered by focusing on the production, the sales way, solve the scene of the traditional mortar mixing all sorts of malpractices, the quality is very stable, can ensure quality is consistent。

(5)安全環保:生產過程及使用過程無毒無味,沒有排放,施工安全、衛生、沒有污染。

(5) security environmental protection, non-toxic tasteless, production process and use process without emissions, construction safety, health, no pollution.

(二)聚苯板類外墻保溫粘結干粉砂漿該產品屬單組分干粉砂漿,主要由多種聚合物材料、硅酸鹽水泥、無機材料和特殊的改性劑均勻混合而成,產品分標準型、加強型、高彈型三個品種。適用于EPS聚苯板和XPS擠塑板等與基層墻粘結,及外墻泡沫裝飾線、輕質板材與基面的粘結。產品性能特點是:

(2) of exterior wall thermal insulation adhesive mortar powder polystyrene class this product belongs to the single-component dry powder mortar, is mainly composed of a variety of polymer materials, Portland cement, inorganic materials and special mixing modification agent, product standard, enhanced, high elastic three varieties. Apply to EPS polystyrene board and XPS extruded board and grassroots wall such as bonding, and exterior foam decorative lines, light and on the surface of the base plate bonding. Product performance features are:

(1)性能優異:粘結強度極高,粘接牢固、防水防滲,長期使用不會產生龜裂、空鼓及脫落現象,保水性好、收縮性小、耐凍融、耐老化。

(1) performance: high bond strength, adhesion strong, waterproof, seepage control, use for a long time will not produce cracks, empty drum and falls off phenomenon, good water retention, small shrinkage, freeze-thaw resistance, ageing resistance.

(2)節約能源:薄層施工,用料少、損耗低、省時、省力、效率高。

(2) save energy: thin layer construction, little material, low loss, time and energy, high efficiency.

(3)綠色環保:生產和使用無毒無味,有利健康居住。施工時無灰塵,利于環境保護,達到文明施工。

(3) the green environmental protection: the production and use avirulent insipidity, healthy living。 As construction when there is no dust, protect the environment and achieve civilization construction。

(4)便于施工:袋裝粉體,便于運輸及存儲,施工現場加水攪拌即可使用,方便快捷。

(4) to facilitate construction: powder bags, easy to transport and storage, water mixing can be used on the construction site, convenient and quick。

(5)生產簡單:無需加熱,工藝簡單,常溫分散即可制得高質量產品。

(5) production is simple: without heating, the craft is simple, normal dispersion can produce high quality products.

(三)瓷磚粘結干粉砂漿傳統的瓷磚粘結是完全采用現場混合的厚層砂漿,這種方法是將砂和水泥現場混合制成普通水泥砂漿,施工繁瑣,若水泥砂漿涂抹不均勻,瓷磚容易引發空鼓、脫落。由于普通水泥砂漿的粘結性差,嵌入砂漿層中的大塊瓷磚必須進行機械固定或加固,普通水泥砂漿不具有抗滑移性,所以瓷磚必須從底部粘貼,并且在瓷磚之間要使用定位器實現排列。施工方法非常耗時,效率低。且水泥砂漿用量大,對工人的施工技術要求高。隨著現代建筑施工的要求與發展,這種傳統砂漿的使用受到了很大的限制。

Ceramic tile adhesive mortar powder (3) the traditional ceramic tile adhesive is completely using the mixture of thick layer of mortar, this method is to mix sand and cement field is made of ordinary cement mortar, construction trival, if cement mortar daub is uneven, ceramic tile is easy to cause the empty drum, fall off。 Due to poor bonding of ordinary cement mortar, embedded in mortar layer of large ceramic tile must be fixed or mechanical reinforcement, has no slip resistance of ordinary cement mortar, so must be from the bottom of the paste ceramic tile, and between the ceramic tile to use locator implementation arrangement。 Construction method is very time-consuming and low efficiency。 And the dosage of cement mortar, high technical requirements to the construction of workers。 With the development and the requirement of modern construction, the use of the traditional cement mortar is limited by a lot of。

目前在多數發達國家,干粉薄層砂漿早已取代了這類傳統厚層砂漿。瓷磚粘結干粉砂漿是一種有機、無機復合型瓷磚粘合劑。采用優質水泥、精細集料、填料、特殊添加劑及多種聚合物混合而成。特別適合薄層粘貼施工,是取代傳統水泥砂漿粘貼瓷磚的最佳選擇。產品性能特點是:

At present in most developed countries, the thin layer of mortar powder has replaced the traditional thick layer of cement mortar. Ceramic tile adhesive mortar powder is a kind of organic and inorganic composite ceramic tile adhesive. USES the high quality cement, fine aggregate, filling, special additive and a variety of polymer. Especially suitable for thin layer paste construction, it is the best choice of stickup ceramic tile to replace traditional cement mortar. Product performance features are:

(1)綠色環保:產品無毒無味、安全可靠,施工時在現場加水攪拌即可使用,干凈衛生,不污染施工現場環境。

(1) the green environmental protection, non-toxic tasteless, safe and reliable products, add water mixing can be used in the field, during the construction of the clean health, do not pollute the environment construction site.

(2)性能卓越:粘結強度高、收縮性低、不空鼓、不開裂、粘附效果好,抗垂流性強。可以從上而下施工,不需間隔木栓。

(2) performance excellence: high bond strength, low shrinkage, no empty drum, no crack, good adhesion effect, vertical flow resistance is strong。 Can from the top down construction, do not need to cork。

(3)施工快捷:袋裝粉體,現場加水攪拌即可使用,方便快捷。保水性好,施工前不用潤濕墻體表面和浸泡瓷磚。

(3) construction shortcut: powder bags, on-site water gently use, convenient and quick。 Good water retention, construction without wetting the wall surface and soak ceramic tile。

(4)節約能源:傳統干粉砂漿使用厚度10~25mm干粉,而干粉粘接砂漿為集中生產,分散銷售,損耗在1%左右,可謂高度節能。

(4) save energy: traditional dry mortar use 10 to 25 mm thickness, powder and dry powder adhesive mortar is concentrated production, sales, loss of around 1%, is highly energy saving。

(5)便于存儲運輸:干粉狀,袋包裝。使運輸及儲存十分方便,保質期長,為生產經營及使用都提供了很大的方便。

(5) to facilitate storage transport, dry powder, bag packaging。 Make the transportation and storage is very convenient, long shelf life, for the production and business operation and use are provides a great convenience。

(四)顆粒類保溫干粉砂漿顆粒類保溫系統由保溫層、抹面層兩部分夠成,省略了聚苯板保溫施工的粘結過程。是將顆粒保溫干粉砂漿現場加水攪拌均勻后,噴涂或涂抹在基層上形成保溫層,在保溫層表面涂上抹面砂漿,平鋪玻纖網形成抹面層。顆粒類保溫系統材料導熱系數比聚苯板大,但由于我國地域廣闊,各種氣候分布不一,雖然在嚴寒地區使用會受到一點限制,但因其施工簡單,成本低等優點,在我國南方及中部等夏熱冬暖地區使用有明顯優勢。

(4) granule thermal insulation mortar powder particle class insulation system consisting of thermal insulation layer, plaster layer into enough, omitted the bonding process of the construction of polystyrene insulation. Is the site of insulation dry mortar after adding water mix, spraying or smudge in the thermal insulation layer is formed on the base, in the insulation layer coated on the surface of the mortar, tile fiberglass mesh formation of coating layer. Granule material coefficient of thermal conductivity is greater than polystyrene insulation system, but because of China's vast, distribution of various climates differ, although in the cold region will use is limited by a little, but because of its simple construction, low cost advantages, in the central and southern China in hot summer and warm winter area, such as use have obvious advantages.

顆粒類保溫干粉砂漿屬于無機保溫砂漿,主要由無機粘結劑、保溫顆粒材料、多種化學助劑組成,產品密度大,抗壓強度高,其導熱系數、抗折強度、含水率等均達到國家標準要求。產品性能特點是:

Belongs to the inorganic thermal insulation mortar of class insulation dry mortar, mainly composed of inorganic binder, heat preservation of granular materials, a variety of chemical fertilizer, product density, high compressive strength, the coefficient of thermal conductivity, bending strength, moisture content meet the national standard requirements。 Product performance features are:

(1)無毒、無味、綠色環保。

(1) non-toxic, tasteless, green environmental protection。

(2)具有良好的雙向親和性,對各類無機基材具有超強粘結力。

(2) has a good mutual affinity, for all kinds of inorganic base material with super cohesive force。

(3)抗折、抗壓強度高,抗老化、耐融凍,具有良好的抗滲性能及抗裂性能,能有效地保護基面。

(3) high flexural, compressive strength, anti-aging, corrosion resistance, freezing has good impermeability and crack resistance performance, can effectively protect the base level.

(4)袋裝粉體,便于運輸,現場加水攪拌即可使用,方便快捷。直接涂抹于建筑物基層起保溫隔熱作用,效果顯著。

(4) powder bags, facilitate transportation, field water gently use, convenient and quick。 Direct smear on building grassroots heat preservation and heat insulation effect, the effect is remarkable。

(5)可直接涂抹或噴涂,施工容易、強度提升快,可連續施工,縮短工期,效率高。

(5) can be applied or spray directly, easy construction, strength increase fast, can be continuous construction, shorten the construction period, high efficiency。

目前,我國至少有130多億平方米建筑需要進行節能改造,按每平方米改造費用200元算,僅現有建筑節能改造就有高達26000億元的大市場,再加上我國又面臨著新增建筑不斷攀升的趨勢,節能保溫材料的需求量更大,這對投資辦廠生產保溫干粉砂漿系列產品來說,無疑是個巨大商機。

At present, there are at least need to be more than 130 square meters of buildings, calculate costs 200 yuan per square metre transform, only an existing building energy efficiency is as high as 2.6 trillion yuan of big market, coupled with our country faced with the new building rising trend again, more demand for energy saving heat preservation material, invested to bulid factories in the production of thermal insulation mortar powder series products, no doubt is a big business.


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